As it has been said already, the typical portuguese village Fiais da Beira, where Stroganov Hotel is based, can boast of several prehistorical monuments, such as haystacks (Palheiros de Fiais) and the Dolmen (Anta de Cavada).
First, we’ll take you to a small tour to the Dolmen. Right in front of the main entrance to the hotel you will see the sign “Cavada” pointing to Rua da Anta, which unsurprisingly will take to you the the wood where the Dolmen is.
Walking about 300 metres you will pass by the sheep farm, vineyard and simply beautiful nature of the woods.
So here it is the dolmen, most likely your first thought would be - what exactly is it? who, how and when did it..?
Well, it is one of the types of megalithic monument, usually consisting of several upright stones supporting a large flat horizontal capstone in a form of a portal. Dolmen have been found all around the ancient world, they fall into different categories of purpose and their look may vary according to the region.
But getting back to Dolmen de Cavada, they say it is a grave, or properly said Burial Chamber, which is about 6000 years old and is composed of 9 upright stones, covered by a huge slab. Unfortunately, it still remains unclear when, why and by whom the earliest dolmens were made. But there is a rather interesting and popular theory that the true purpose of the Dolmen was of a broadcasting chamber, being built to harmoniously order the earth’s currents and then broadcast this energy across the land for many miles. Meaning they served as places of ritual and worship, with many found funerary artefacts that indicate belief in the afterlife and the possibility of communication with the spiritual world.
Whatever the real purpose is, isn’t it exciting to see something so old, covered with mysteries and containing thousands of years of energy and intangible information?